Common salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride. Salt is essential for animal life, and saltiness is one of the basic human tastes. In general, Americans should limit daily sodium consumption to 2,300 milligrams, but this is an upper safe limit, not a recommended daily allowance.
Vinegar is an alcoholic fluid allowed to sour that is primarily used to flavor and preserve foods. Vinegar contains few nutrients and few calories. Vinegar may provide health benefits if used to replace certain higher calorie alternatives.
Blueberry Purees are processed products that have removed natural water, fiber and phytonutrient content found in blueberries. Concentrates are much more concentrated sources of simple sugar and are much less nutritiously dense than blueberries.
The generalized name for sweet, short-chains of soluble carbohydrates. The world produced about 168 million tonnes of sugar in 2011. The average person consumes about 24 kilograms (53 lb) of sugar each year (33.1 kg in industrialised countries), equivalent to over 260 food calories per person, per day. New FDA nutrition facts labels recommend no more than 50g of added sugars per day. Potential negative health effects of excess sugar consumption include addiction, Alzheimer's disease, changes in blood glucose levels, cardiovascular disease, hyperactivity, obesity, diabetes, and tooth decay.
Corn syrup is a food syrup which is made from the starch of maize. It is used in foods to soften texture, add volume, prevent crystallization of sugar, and enhance flavor. High-fructose corn syrup is manufactured from corn syrup by converting a large proportion of its glucose into fructose.
Produced by fermentation of a carbohydrate. Derived from a variety of sources including corn and wheat. Used to thicken and stabilize a variety of foods. Even in small amounts, can greatly increase viscosity of liquid.
Walnuts provide rich content (more than 19% of the Daily Value or DV) of several dietary minerals, particularly manganese at 163% DV, and B vitamins. Unlike most nuts that are high in monounsaturated fatty acids, walnut oil is composed largely of polyunsaturated fatty acids. Modern Western diets typically have ratios of omega-6 to omega-3 in excess of 10 to 1. Walnuts are a good source of harder to find omega-3s at an omega-6 to omega-3 ratio of ~4.5:1 and . The optimal ratio is thought to be 4 to 1 or lower.