Common salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride. Salt is essential for animal life, and saltiness is one of the basic human tastes. In general, Americans should limit daily sodium consumption to 2,300 milligrams, but this is an upper safe limit, not a recommended daily allowance.
Produced by fermentation of a carbohydrate. Derived from a variety of sources including corn and wheat. Used to thicken and stabilize a variety of foods. Even in small amounts, can greatly increase viscosity of liquid.
High Fructose Corn Syrup is a sweetener made from corn starch that has been processed to convert some of the syrup's naturally occurring glucose into fructose. Health concerns have been raised about a relationship between sugars like HFCS and metabolic disorders. HFCS also contains components that can create advanced glycation end-products, the possible health effects of which were under investigation as of 2013.
Autolyzed yeast (containing the cell walls) or autolyzed yeast extract consists of concentrations of yeast cells that are allowed to die and break up, so that the yeasts’ endogenous digestive enzymes break their proteins down into simpler compounds (amino acids and peptides).
Wheat flour is a powder made from the grinding of wheat used for human consumption. More wheat flour is produced than any other flour. The ingredient can be ambiguous but products labeled wheat flour typically are not whole grain.
Chicken fat is fat obtained from chicken rendering and processing. Of animal-sourced substances, chicken fat is noted for being high in linoleic acid, an omega-6 fatty acid. Linoleic acid levels are between 17.9% and 22.8%.
Flavoring derived from a spice, fruit or fruit juice, vegetable or vegetable juice, edible yeast, herb, bark, bud, root, leaf or similar plant material, meat, seafood, poultry, eggs, dairy products, or fermentation product. The flavorings may be obtained through a variety of methods including: drying, roasting, fermenting. This can include the essential oil, oleoresin, essence or extractive, distillate, or any product of roasting or heating. In order to be considered a natural flavor, the significant function in food must be for flavoring rather than nutritional. For flavors derived from synthetic sources, see Artificial Flavorings.
A white, odorless, crystalline powder prepared from minerals or extracted from salt water. It is soluble in water has a salty taste at low concentration levels. Used for a variety of functions including flavoring, as a nutrient, stabilizing, thickening and to improve the fermentation process in beer brewing.
Broth is a savory liquid made of water in which bones, meat, fish, or vegetables have been simmered. It can be eaten alone, but is most commonly used to prepare other dishes such as soups, gravies, and sauces.
The generalized name for sweet, short-chains of soluble carbohydrates. The world produced about 168 million tonnes of sugar in 2011. The average person consumes about 24 kilograms (53 lb) of sugar each year (33.1 kg in industrialised countries), equivalent to over 260 food calories per person, per day. New FDA nutrition facts labels recommend no more than 50g of added sugars per day. Potential negative health effects of excess sugar consumption include addiction, Alzheimer's disease, changes in blood glucose levels, cardiovascular disease, hyperactivity, obesity, diabetes, and tooth decay.
Flavor enhancer/intensifiers often used in conjunction with MSG and sometimes disodium guanylate (the latter combination is known as disodium 5'-ribonucleotides). It is a purine - a naturally occurring precursor to DNA and RNA - and is almost always derived from animal origin.
The FDA requires the term natural flavor or natural flavoring be applied for any substance, the function of which is to impart flavor, which is derived from a spice, fruit or fruit juice, vegetable or vegetable juice, edible yeast, herb, bark, bud, root, leaf or similar plant material, meat, fish, poultry, eggs, dairy products, or fermentation products thereof.
Caramel color or caramel coloring is a water-soluble food coloring and one of the most widely used food colorings. It is widely approved for use in food globally but application and use level restrictions vary by country. California has listed a compound formed in the manufacture of Class III and IV caramel colors in the state's Proposition 65, thus legally including it in the category of chemicals "known to the state to cause cancer or reproductive toxicity".
Spinach is a leafy green vegetable rich in vitamin K, vitamin A, manganese, folate, magnesium, iron, copper, vitamin B6, vitamin B2, vitamin E, calcium, vitamin C, and potassium. In addition, spinach is antioxidant packed and contains a wide variety of other health-supportive nutrients that help strengthen bones and prevent cancers.
Basil is a spice derived from dried leaves of the basil plant and is a rich source of vitamin K, manganese, copper, and vitamin A. Research on basil indicates unique health benefits of DNA protection, anti-bacterial properties, anti-inflammatory support and cardiovascular support from basil's flavonoids and volatile oils.
Canola oil is produced from the rapeseed plant, the third-largest source of vegetable oil in the world. The "Can" part stands for Canada and "ola" refers to oil. Canola oil is low in saturated fat and contains both omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids in a ratio of ~2:1 as well as monounsaturated fat.
Black pepper is a spice derived from berries known as peppercorns and is a rich source of manganese, vitamin K and copper. Black pepper is high in antioxidants and can improve digestion and intestinal health.