Common salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride. Salt is essential for animal life, and saltiness is one of the basic human tastes. In general, Americans should limit daily sodium consumption to 2,300 milligrams, but this is an upper safe limit, not a recommended daily allowance.
The FDA requires the term natural flavor or natural flavoring be applied for any substance, the function of which is to impart flavor, which is derived from a spice, fruit or fruit juice, vegetable or vegetable juice, edible yeast, herb, bark, bud, root, leaf or similar plant material, meat, fish, poultry, eggs, dairy products, or fermentation products thereof.
Soybean oil is a vegetable oil extracted from the seeds of soybeans. The Omega 6 to Omega 3 ratio is ~7:1. Health concerns have been expressed around the carcinogen N‐Nitrosodi-n-butylamine found in soybean oil.
Corn syrup is a food syrup which is made from the starch of maize. It is used in foods to soften texture, add volume, prevent crystallization of sugar, and enhance flavor. High-fructose corn syrup is manufactured from corn syrup by converting a large proportion of its glucose into fructose.
Vinegar is an alcoholic fluid allowed to sour that is primarily used to flavor and preserve foods. Vinegar contains few nutrients and few calories. Vinegar may provide health benefits if used to replace certain higher calorie alternatives.
Tartaric acid is a white crystalline organic acid that occurs naturally in many plants, most notably in grapes. It is commonly mixed with sodium bicarbonate and is sold as baking powder used as a leavening agent in food preparation. The acid itself is added to foods as an antioxidant and to impart its distinctive sour taste.
Peas are the small see or seed pod of the pea plant and a rich source of vitamin K, manganese, vitamin B1, fiber, copper, vitamin C, phosphorus, folate, vitamin B6, vitamin B3 and vitamin B2. In addition peas contain unique phytonutrients called saponins and provide health benefits such as anti-inflammatory and blood sugar regulation support as well as protection against heart and stomach disease.
An enzyme found in human saliva as well as made in the pancreas to digest starches. When used as a food additive amylase can be produced from three different sources: bacteria (non-pathogenic strains), fungus, and swine. It is often used to break down starch molecules before yeast is added to aid in the action of the yeast.
The generalized name for sweet, short-chains of soluble carbohydrates. The world produced about 168 million tonnes of sugar in 2011. The average person consumes about 24 kilograms (53 lb) of sugar each year (33.1 kg in industrialised countries), equivalent to over 260 food calories per person, per day. New FDA nutrition facts labels recommend no more than 50g of added sugars per day. Potential negative health effects of excess sugar consumption include addiction, Alzheimer's disease, changes in blood glucose levels, cardiovascular disease, hyperactivity, obesity, diabetes, and tooth decay.
Modified starch, also called starch derivatives, are prepared by physically, enzymatically, or chemically treating native starch to change its properties. Modified starches are used in food products as a thickening agent, stabilizer or emulsifier.
Produced by fermentation of a carbohydrate. Derived from a variety of sources including corn and wheat. Used to thicken and stabilize a variety of foods. Even in small amounts, can greatly increase viscosity of liquid.
Canola oil is produced from the rapeseed plant, the third-largest source of vegetable oil in the world. The "Can" part stands for Canada and "ola" refers to oil. Canola oil is low in saturated fat and contains both omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids in a ratio of ~2:1 as well as monounsaturated fat.