Wheat flour is a powder made from the grinding of wheat used for human consumption. More wheat flour is produced than any other flour. The ingredient can be ambiguous but products labeled wheat flour typically are not whole grain.
Malted Barley Flour is made from barley that is malted (e.g. barley that is allowed to germinate), steam-dried, hulled, then ground and sifted. It is usually made from the species of barley that has six rows of seed to it per head.
Common salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride. Salt is essential for animal life, and saltiness is one of the basic human tastes. In general, Americans should limit daily sodium consumption to 2,300 milligrams, but this is an upper safe limit, not a recommended daily allowance.
Corn syrup is a food syrup which is made from the starch of maize. It is used in foods to soften texture, add volume, prevent crystallization of sugar, and enhance flavor. High-fructose corn syrup is manufactured from corn syrup by converting a large proportion of its glucose into fructose.
Lecithins are oily substances that occur naturally in plants (soybeans) and animals (egg yolks). It’s actually a very popular ingredient – one of the top 10 most used ingredients in processed foods. Since soybeans are one of the cheapest crops in the US (thanks in part to federal subsidies to growers), it makes sense to use a cheap, natural soy derived emulsifier in food processing. People concerned about GMOs and those who avoid refined oils should avoid Soy Lecithin.
The FDA requires the term artificial flavor or artificial flavoring be applied for any substance, the function of which is to impart flavor, which is not derived from a spice, fruit or fruit juice, vegetable or vegetable juice, edible yeast, herb, bark, bud, root, leaf or similar plant material, meat, fish, poultry, eggs, dairy products, or fermentation products thereof. Conversely, the term natural flavor or natural flavoring applies to any substance to impart flavor that is derived from a spice, fruit or fruit juice, vegetable or vegetable juice, edible yeast, herb, bark, bud, root, leaf or similar plant material, meat, fish, poultry, eggs, dairy products, or fermentation products thereof.
Spinach is a leafy green vegetable rich in vitamin K, vitamin A, manganese, folate, magnesium, iron, copper, vitamin B6, vitamin B2, vitamin E, calcium, vitamin C, and potassium. In addition, spinach is antioxidant packed and contains a wide variety of other health-supportive nutrients that help strengthen bones and prevent cancers.
Basil is a spice derived from dried leaves of the basil plant and is a rich source of vitamin K, manganese, copper, and vitamin A. Research on basil indicates unique health benefits of DNA protection, anti-bacterial properties, anti-inflammatory support and cardiovascular support from basil's flavonoids and volatile oils.
Canola oil is produced from the rapeseed plant, the third-largest source of vegetable oil in the world. The "Can" part stands for Canada and "ola" refers to oil. Canola oil is low in saturated fat and contains both omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids in a ratio of ~2:1 as well as monounsaturated fat.
Black pepper is a spice derived from berries known as peppercorns and is a rich source of manganese, vitamin K and copper. Black pepper is high in antioxidants and can improve digestion and intestinal health.