Steel-cut oats, also called pinhead oats, coarse oatmeal, or Irish oatmeal are groats of whole oats which have been chopped into two or three pieces. Steel-cut oats have a lower glycemic index than instant oatmeal, causing a smaller insulin spike when consumed.
Common salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride. Salt is essential for animal life, and saltiness is one of the basic human tastes. In general, Americans should limit daily sodium consumption to 2,300 milligrams, but this is an upper safe limit, not a recommended daily allowance.
Calcium carbonate is used in the production of calcium oxide as well as toothpaste and has seen a resurgence as a food preservative and color retainer, when used in or with products such as organic apples. Added vitamins and nutrients may lack the nutritional benefit of naturally present vitamins and nutrients.
The generalized name for sweet, short-chains of soluble carbohydrates. The world produced about 168 million tonnes of sugar in 2011. The average person consumes about 24 kilograms (53 lb) of sugar each year (33.1 kg in industrialised countries), equivalent to over 260 food calories per person, per day. New FDA nutrition facts labels recommend no more than 50g of added sugars per day. Potential negative health effects of excess sugar consumption include addiction, Alzheimer's disease, changes in blood glucose levels, cardiovascular disease, hyperactivity, obesity, diabetes, and tooth decay.
Sunflower oil is derived from the seeds of the sunflower plant and is commonly used in processed foods. Modern Western diets typically have ratios of omega-6 to omega-3 in excess of 10 to 1, some as high as 30 to 1, partly due to sunflower oil which has an omega-6 to omega-3 ratio of 1:0. The optimal ratio is thought to be 4 to 1 or lower.
The almond is a rich source of the B vitamins thiamine, vitamin B6, folate, riboflavin and niacin, vitamin E, choline and the essential minerals potassium, calcium, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, and zinc.