Skim milk is made when all the cream is removed from whole milk. Milk contains the water soluble vitamins thiamin (vitamin B1), riboflavin (vitamin B2), niacin (vitamin B3), pantothenic acid (vitamin B5), vitamin B6 (pyridoxine), vitamin B12 (cobalamin), vitamin C, and folate. Milk is a good source of thiamin, riboflavin and vitamin B12 .
Milk Protein Concentrate is a dry powder produced by removing all the liquid from milk though an ultra-filtration process. Milk is forced with pressure through a porous material which separates the components of the milk. Water, smaller lactose, minerals and vitamin molecules are filtered out while the protein and fat molecules are kept. The finished product is evaporated and spray-dried. The US Customs Service's classifies milk protein concentrate as processed milk containing 40-90% protein. Used in a variety of foods and in cheese making.
The generalized name for sweet, short-chains of soluble carbohydrates. The world produced about 168 million tonnes of sugar in 2011. The average person consumes about 24 kilograms (53 lb) of sugar each year (33.1 kg in industrialised countries), equivalent to over 260 food calories per person, per day. New FDA nutrition facts labels recommend no more than 50g of added sugars per day. Potential negative health effects of excess sugar consumption include addiction, Alzheimer's disease, changes in blood glucose levels, cardiovascular disease, hyperactivity, obesity, diabetes, and tooth decay.
Erythritol is a sugar alcohol (polyol) that is produced through fermentation of glucose using a specific micro-organism. It naturally occurs at low levels in many fruits and at higher levels in fermented foods (soy sauce, cheese, wine, and beer). 60-70% as sweet at table sugar, it is usually blended with other sweeteners, but has almost no calories, does not affect blood sugar, does not cause tooth decay, and is only partially absorbed by the body.