The apple tree is a deciduous tree in the rose family best known for its sweet, pomaceous fruit, the apple. It is cultivated worldwide as a fruit tree, and is the most widely grown species in the genus Malus
Common salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride. Salt is essential for animal life, and saltiness is one of the basic human tastes. In general, Americans should limit daily sodium consumption to 2,300 milligrams, but this is an upper safe limit, not a recommended daily allowance.
a vitamin found particularly in citrus fruits and green vegetables. It is essential in maintaining healthy connective tissue, and is also thought to act as an antioxidant. Severe deficiency causes scurvy.
The sunflower seed is the fruit of the sunflower. Sunflower seeds are more commonly eaten as a snack than as part of a meal. They can also be used as garnishes or ingredients in various recipes. The seeds may be sold as in-shell seeds or dehulled kernels. The seeds can also be sprouted and eaten in salads.
Rolled oats, also known as old fashioned oats, are whole grain and produced through steaming oat groats then rolling them into flakes to help the oats cook faster and stay fresh longer. This process stabilizes the healthy oils in the oats.
Sunflower oil is derived from the seeds of the sunflower plant and is commonly used in processed foods. Modern Western diets typically have ratios of omega-6 to omega-3 in excess of 10 to 1, some as high as 30 to 1, partly due to sunflower oil which has an omega-6 to omega-3 ratio of 1:0. The optimal ratio is thought to be 4 to 1 or lower.
The generalized name for sweet, short-chains of soluble carbohydrates. The world produced about 168 million tonnes of sugar in 2011. The average person consumes about 24 kilograms (53 lb) of sugar each year (33.1 kg in industrialised countries), equivalent to over 260 food calories per person, per day. New FDA nutrition facts labels recommend no more than 50g of added sugars per day. Potential negative health effects of excess sugar consumption include addiction, Alzheimer's disease, changes in blood glucose levels, cardiovascular disease, hyperactivity, obesity, diabetes, and tooth decay.
The almond is a rich source of the B vitamins thiamine, vitamin B6, folate, riboflavin and niacin, vitamin E, choline and the essential minerals potassium, calcium, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, and zinc.