Rice bran oil is the oil extracted from the hard outer brown layer of rice after chaff (rice husk). Rice bran oil has an omega-6 to omega-3 ratio of 21:1. The optimal ratio is thought to be 4 to 1 or lower.
Black pepper is a spice derived from berries known as peppercorns and is a rich source of manganese, vitamin K and copper. Black pepper is high in antioxidants and can improve digestion and intestinal health.