Soybean oil is a vegetable oil extracted from the seeds of soybeans. The Omega 6 to Omega 3 ratio is ~7:1. Health concerns have been expressed around the carcinogen N‐Nitrosodi-n-butylamine found in soybean oil.
Hydrogenated soybean oil is a vegetable oil derived from soybeans that has been through the process of hydrogenation. Fully hydrogenated oils are not as harmful as partially hydrogenated oils though higher in saturated fat.
Common salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride. Salt is essential for animal life, and saltiness is one of the basic human tastes. In general, Americans should limit daily sodium consumption to 2,300 milligrams, but this is an upper safe limit, not a recommended daily allowance.
Monocalcium phosphate is used as a leavening agent, meaning it is used in dough or batter to cause the mixture to raise. It is also used in canned fruits and vegetables because it is helpful in maintaining the firmness of fruits and vegetables.
Black pepper is a spice derived from berries known as peppercorns and is a rich source of manganese, vitamin K and copper. Black pepper is high in antioxidants and can improve digestion and intestinal health.
Rice bran oil is the oil extracted from the hard outer brown layer of rice after chaff (rice husk). Rice bran oil has an omega-6 to omega-3 ratio of 21:1. The optimal ratio is thought to be 4 to 1 or lower.