Wheat flour is a powder made from the grinding of wheat used for human consumption. More wheat flour is produced than any other flour. The ingredient can be ambiguous but products labeled wheat flour typically are not whole grain.
A glycerol molecule is combined with either one (mono) or two (di) fatty acids to create a synthetic fat. Derived from the either vegetable oils, such as (soybean, sunflower, palm, cottonseed or canola) or animal fats (beef or pork). This is a common food additive most often used to blend ingredients together that would not otherwise blend well.
Calcium carbonate is used in the production of calcium oxide as well as toothpaste and has seen a resurgence as a food preservative and color retainer, when used in or with products such as organic apples. Added vitamins and nutrients may lack the nutritional benefit of naturally present vitamins and nutrients.
Vitamin E, known as the anti-sterility vitamin. Reduces oxidation of fatty acids and some vitamins. Commercially it can be extracted, by distillation in a vacuum, from cottonseed, maize, rice germ, soya been oil, wheat germ, or green leaves. Used for antioxidant.
a vitamin found particularly in citrus fruits and green vegetables. It is essential in maintaining healthy connective tissue, and is also thought to act as an antioxidant. Severe deficiency causes scurvy.
Soybean oil is a vegetable oil extracted from the seeds of soybeans. The Omega 6 to Omega 3 ratio is ~7:1. Health concerns have been expressed around the carcinogen N‐Nitrosodi-n-butylamine found in soybean oil.
Palm oil is an edible vegetable oil high in saturated fat derived from the fruit of the oil palms. Along with coconut oil, palm oil is one of the few highly saturated vegetable fats and is semi-solid at room temperature.
Lecithins are oily substances that occur naturally in plants (soybeans) and animals (egg yolks). It’s actually a very popular ingredient – one of the top 10 most used ingredients in processed foods. Since soybeans are one of the cheapest crops in the US (thanks in part to federal subsidies to growers), it makes sense to use a cheap, natural soy derived emulsifier in food processing. People concerned about GMOs and those who avoid refined oils should avoid Soy Lecithin.
The FDA requires the term artificial flavor or artificial flavoring be applied for any substance, the function of which is to impart flavor, which is not derived from a spice, fruit or fruit juice, vegetable or vegetable juice, edible yeast, herb, bark, bud, root, leaf or similar plant material, meat, fish, poultry, eggs, dairy products, or fermentation products thereof. Conversely, the term natural flavor or natural flavoring applies to any substance to impart flavor that is derived from a spice, fruit or fruit juice, vegetable or vegetable juice, edible yeast, herb, bark, bud, root, leaf or similar plant material, meat, fish, poultry, eggs, dairy products, or fermentation products thereof.
Cultivars of the bell pepper plant produce fruits in different colors, including red, yellow, orange, green, chocolate/brown, vanilla/white, and purple. Bell peppers are sometimes grouped with less pungent pepper varieties as "sweet peppers".
Common salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride. Salt is essential for animal life, and saltiness is one of the basic human tastes. In general, Americans should limit daily sodium consumption to 2,300 milligrams, but this is an upper safe limit, not a recommended daily allowance.
MSG is used in the food industry as a flavor enhancer with an umami taste that intensifies the meaty, savory flavor of food, as naturally occurring glutamate does in foods such as stews and meat soups.
Caramel color or caramel coloring is a water-soluble food coloring and one of the most widely used food colorings. It is widely approved for use in food globally but application and use level restrictions vary by country. California has listed a compound formed in the manufacture of Class III and IV caramel colors in the state's Proposition 65, thus legally including it in the category of chemicals "known to the state to cause cancer or reproductive toxicity".