Steel-cut oats, also called pinhead oats, coarse oatmeal, or Irish oatmeal are groats of whole oats which have been chopped into two or three pieces. Steel-cut oats have a lower glycemic index than instant oatmeal, causing a smaller insulin spike when consumed.
Rolled oats, also known as old fashioned oats, are whole grain and produced through steaming oat groats then rolling them into flakes to help the oats cook faster and stay fresh longer. This process stabilizes the healthy oils in the oats.
Common salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride. Salt is essential for animal life, and saltiness is one of the basic human tastes. In general, Americans should limit daily sodium consumption to 2,300 milligrams, but this is an upper safe limit, not a recommended daily allowance.
The generalized name for sweet, short-chains of soluble carbohydrates. The world produced about 168 million tonnes of sugar in 2011. The average person consumes about 24 kilograms (53 lb) of sugar each year (33.1 kg in industrialised countries), equivalent to over 260 food calories per person, per day. New FDA nutrition facts labels recommend no more than 50g of added sugars per day. Potential negative health effects of excess sugar consumption include addiction, Alzheimer's disease, changes in blood glucose levels, cardiovascular disease, hyperactivity, obesity, diabetes, and tooth decay.
Sunflower oil is derived from the seeds of the sunflower plant and is commonly used in processed foods. Modern Western diets typically have ratios of omega-6 to omega-3 in excess of 10 to 1, some as high as 30 to 1, partly due to sunflower oil which has an omega-6 to omega-3 ratio of 1:0. The optimal ratio is thought to be 4 to 1 or lower.
Canola oil is produced from the rapeseed plant, the third-largest source of vegetable oil in the world. The "Can" part stands for Canada and "ola" refers to oil. Canola oil is low in saturated fat and contains both omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids in a ratio of ~2:1 as well as monounsaturated fat.
The FDA requires the term natural flavor or natural flavoring be applied for any substance, the function of which is to impart flavor, which is derived from a spice, fruit or fruit juice, vegetable or vegetable juice, edible yeast, herb, bark, bud, root, leaf or similar plant material, meat, fish, poultry, eggs, dairy products, or fermentation products thereof.
Walnuts provide rich content (more than 19% of the Daily Value or DV) of several dietary minerals, particularly manganese at 163% DV, and B vitamins. Unlike most nuts that are high in monounsaturated fatty acids, walnut oil is composed largely of polyunsaturated fatty acids. Modern Western diets typically have ratios of omega-6 to omega-3 in excess of 10 to 1. Walnuts are a good source of harder to find omega-3s at an omega-6 to omega-3 ratio of ~4.5:1 and . The optimal ratio is thought to be 4 to 1 or lower.
Cinnamon is a spice obtained from tree bark. It is high in manganese and antioxidants providing significant nutrition for few calories. Consuming more than 1 1/4 teaspoons of common cassia (Chinese) cinnamon may cause negative side effects such as difficulty breathing and increased heart rate particularly in people with liver disease.