Broth is a savory liquid made of water in which bones, meat, fish, or vegetables have been simmered. It can be eaten alone, but is most commonly used to prepare other dishes such as soups, gravies, and sauces.
Chicken eggs are widely used in many types of dishes, both sweet and savory, including many baked goods. Some of the most common preparation methods include scrambled, fried, hard-boiled, soft-boiled, omelettes and pickled.
Unlike the yolk, which is high in lipids (fats), egg white contains almost no fat, and carbohydrate content is less than 1%. Egg whites contain just over 50% of the protein in the egg and fewer actual nutrients than the yolk.
Wheat flour is a powder made from the grinding of wheat used for human consumption. More wheat flour is produced than any other flour. The ingredient can be ambiguous but products labeled wheat flour typically are not whole grain.
Common salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride. Salt is essential for animal life, and saltiness is one of the basic human tastes. In general, Americans should limit daily sodium consumption to 2,300 milligrams, but this is an upper safe limit, not a recommended daily allowance.
The generalized name for sweet, short-chains of soluble carbohydrates. The world produced about 168 million tonnes of sugar in 2011. The average person consumes about 24 kilograms (53 lb) of sugar each year (33.1 kg in industrialised countries), equivalent to over 260 food calories per person, per day. New FDA nutrition facts labels recommend no more than 50g of added sugars per day. Potential negative health effects of excess sugar consumption include addiction, Alzheimer's disease, changes in blood glucose levels, cardiovascular disease, hyperactivity, obesity, diabetes, and tooth decay.
Chicken fat is fat obtained from chicken rendering and processing. Of animal-sourced substances, chicken fat is noted for being high in linoleic acid, an omega-6 fatty acid. Linoleic acid levels are between 17.9% and 22.8%.
A protein generally obtained from plant sources (soybeans, corn or wheat), then broken down into amino acids by a chemical process called acid hydrolysis. Hydrolyzed animal protein is sourced from animals. Used as a flavor enhancer in numerous processed foods because of its "umami" (savory meat flavor) taste. It has a high level of sodium and MSG, and is a low-quality protein source. Also see Monosodium Glutamate (MSG).
A flavor enhancer/intensifier often used in conjunction with MSG and sometimes disodium inosinate (the latter combination is known as disodium 5'-ribonucleotides). It is a purine - a naturally occurring precursor to DNA and RNA - and can be isolated from certain mushrooms, dried fish, and dried seaweed.
A flavor enhancer/intensifier that is often used in conjunction with MSG and sometimes disodium guanylate (the latter combination is known as disodium 5'-ribonucleotides). It is a purine - a naturally occurring precursor to DNA and RNA - and is almost always derived from animal origin. Unlike disodium guanylate, disodium inosinate is completely ineffective without MSG.
Flavoring derived from a spice, fruit or fruit juice, vegetable or vegetable juice, edible yeast, herb, bark, bud, root, leaf or similar plant material, meat, seafood, poultry, eggs, dairy products, or fermentation product. The flavorings may be obtained through a variety of methods including: drying, roasting, fermenting. This can include the essential oil, oleoresin, essence or extractive, distillate, or any product of roasting or heating. In order to be considered a natural flavor, the significant function in food must be for flavoring rather than nutritional. For flavors derived from synthetic sources, see Artificial Flavorings.
Soybean oil is a vegetable oil extracted from the seeds of soybeans. The Omega 6 to Omega 3 ratio is ~7:1. Health concerns have been expressed around the carcinogen N‐Nitrosodi-n-butylamine found in soybean oil.
An oil extracted from the germ of corn. Its main use is in cooking, where its high smoke point makes refined corn oil a valuable frying oil. Corn oil is generally less expensive than most other types of vegetable oils. Modern Western diets typically have ratios of omega-6 to omega-3 in excess of 10 to 1, some as high as 30 to 1, partly due to corn oil which has an omega-6 to omega-3 ratio of 49:1. The optimal ratio is thought to be 4 to 1 or lower.
A white, odorless, crystalline powder prepared from minerals or extracted from salt water. It is soluble in water has a salty taste at low concentration levels. Used for a variety of functions including flavoring, as a nutrient, stabilizing, thickening and to improve the fermentation process in beer brewing.
Made up in part of fatty acids, mono- and diglycerides may contain trans fats, either when manufactured in a lab or, if they come from an animal or vegetable source, when exposed to heat for processing into packaged and prepared foods. Mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids refers to a food additive composed of diglycerides and monoglycerides which is used as an emulsifier. This mixture is also sometimes referred to as partial glycerides.